Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over 1 million people die, the majority of them young children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main areas where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where host mosquito, of the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. You can find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle in the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You will find four varieties of malaria parasite that may infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. The time needed for growth and development of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species as well as the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists from your University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international fight against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that utilizing the same technology some day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus combined with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they could prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology may be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.